His Holiness Patriarch Kirill of Moscow and All Russia
Date of Birth:
November 20, 1946
Date of consecration:
March 14, 1976
Date of the tonsure:
April 3, 1969
His Holiness Patriarch Kirill of Moscow and All Russia (in the world Vladimir Mikhailovich Gundyaev) was born on November 20, 1946 in Leningrad.
Father – Gundyaev Mikhail Vasilievich, priest, died in 1974. Mother – Gundyaeva Raisa Vladimirovna, a teacher of German at the school, in recent years a housewife, passed away in 1984. Her elder brother – Archpriest Nikolai Gundyaev, Professor of the St. Petersburg Theological Academy , rector Preobrazhensky Cathedral in St. Petersburg. Grandfather – Priest Vasily Stepanovich Gundyaev, a prisoner of Solovki, for church activities and struggle against Renovationism in the 1920s, 30s and 40s. XX century. imprisoned and exiled.
At the end of the 8th grade of secondary school, Vladimir Gundyaev joined the Leningrad Integrated Geological Expedition of the Northwest Geological Administration, where he worked from 1962 to 1965 as a mapping technician, combining his work with secondary school education.
After graduating from high school in 1965, he entered the Leningrad Theological Seminary, and then to the Leningrad Theological Academy, which he graduated with honors in 1970.
April 3, 1969 Metropolitan of Leningrad and Novgorod Nicodemus (Rotov) tonsure in monasticism with the name of Cyril. April 7, he was ordained a hierodeacon, on June 1 of the same year – in hieromonk.
Since 1970 – a candidate of theology of the Leningrad Theological Academy.
In the 1970-1971 gg. – teacher of dogmatic theology and assistant inspector of the Leningrad theological schools; at the same time – personal secretary of the Metropolitan of Leningrad and Novgorod Nicodemus and a class teacher of the first class of the seminary.
September 12, 1971 was elevated to the rank of archimandrite.
In the years 1971-1974. – Representative of the Moscow Patriarchate at the World Council of Churches in Geneva.
From December 26, 1974 to December 26, 1984 – Rector of the Leningrad Theological Academy and Seminary. In the years 1974-1984. – Associate Professor of the Department of Patrology of the Leningrad Theological Academy.
March 14, 1976 he was consecrated Bishop of Vyborg.
September 2, 1977 was elevated to the rank of archbishop.
Since December 26, 1984 – Archbishop of Smolensk and Vyazemsky.
Since 1986 he has been the administrator of the parishes in the Kaliningrad region.
Since 1988 – Archbishop of Smolensk and Kaliningrad.
From November 13, 1989 to 2009 – Chairman of the Department for External Church Relations (since August 2000 – Department of External Church Relations ), permanent member of the Holy Synod.
February 25, 1991 was elevated to the rank of Metropolitan.
On January 27, 2009, the Local Council of the Russian Orthodox Church elected Metropolitan Kirill as Patriarch of Moscow and All Russia.
On February 1, 2009, Patriarch Kirill was enthroned.
Fulfilling the obedience of the hierarchy, the Most Reverend Cyril was:
from 1975 to 1982 – Chairman of the Diocesan Council of the Leningrad Metropolitanate;
from 1975 to 1998. – Member of the Central Committee and the Executive Committee of the World Council of Churches;
from 1976 to 1978. – Deputy Patriarchal Exarch of Western Europe;
from 1976 to 1984 – Member of the Commission of the Holy Synod on issues of Christian unity;
from 1978 to 1984 – Manager of the Patriarchal Parishes in Finland;
from 1978 to 1984 – Deputy Chairman of the branch of the Department for External Church Relations in Leningrad;
from 1980 to 1988. – Member of the commission for the preparation and celebration of the 1000th anniversary of the Baptism of Rus;
in 1990 – a member of the commission for the preparation of the Local Council of the Russian Orthodox Church;
in 1990 – a member of the Commission for the Promotion of Efforts in Overcoming the Consequences of the Chernobyl Accident;
from 1989 to 1996. – Governor of the Orthodox Hungarian Deanery;
from 1990 to 1991. – Temporary Governor of the Hague-Netherlands Diocese ;
from 1990 to 1993 – Temporarily administering the Korsun diocese ;
from 1990 to 1993 – Chairman of the Commission of the Holy Synod on the revival of religious and moral education and charity;
from 1990 to 2000. – Chairman of the Commission of the Holy Synod to amend the Charter on the management of the Russian Orthodox Church. The charter was adopted at the Jubilee Bishops’ Council in 2000;
from 1994 to 2002. – Member of the Public Council for the revival of the Cathedral Cathedral of Christ the Savior in Moscow;
from 1994 to 1996. – Member of the Foreign Policy Council of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Russia;
from 1995 to 2000. – Chairman of the Synodal Working Group on the elaboration of the Concept of the Russian Orthodox Church on issues of church-state relations and problems of modern society as a whole;
from 1995 to 1999. – Member of the Russian Organizing Committee for the preparation and holding of events in connection with the commemoration of the memorable dates of the Great Patriotic War of 1941-1945;
from 1996 to 2000 – Member of the Supervisory Board of the Fund of the 50th Anniversary of the Victory.
At the time of the election to the Patriarchal See, Metropolitan Kirill was:
a permanent member of the Holy Synod (since 1989);
Chairman of the Department for External Church Relations (since 1989);
manager of the Patriarchal Parishes in Finland (since 1990);
a member of the Synodal Theological Commission (since February 26, 1994);
a member of the Patriarchal and Synodal Biblical Commission (since 1990);
co-chairman (since 1993) and deputy head (since 1995) of the World Russian People’s Council , chairman of Smolensk (since 1996) and Kaliningrad (since 1997) offices of ARNS;
member of the Council of the Zemsky movement (since 1993);
a member of the Russian Palestinian Society;
author and host of the weekly television program “The Word of the Shepherd” on the First Channel (since 1994);
Honorary President of the World Conference “Religion and Peace” (since 1994);
member of the Council for Cooperation with Religious Associations under the President of the Russian Federation (since 1995);
Member of the Commission under the President of the Russian Federation on State Prizes in Literature and Art (since 1995);
an honorary member of the Moscow Intellectual and Business Club (since 1995);
co-chairman of the Christian interdenominational advisory committee (since 1996);
a member of the Presidium of the Interreligious Council of Russia (since 1998);
the editor-in-chief of the magazines “Church and Time” (since 1991), “Smolensk Diocesan News” (since 1993), “Orthodox Pilgrim” (since 2001);
member of the Church Scientific Council for the publication of the “Orthodox Encyclopedia” (since 1999);
Member of the Supervisory Board of the Cathedral of Christ the Savior of Moscow (since 2002);
Co-Chairman of the Council of European Religious Leaders (since 2002);
the chairman of the organizing committee of the exhibition “Orthodox Russia” (since 2003);
co-chairman of the Working Group on the Interaction of the Russian Orthodox Church with the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Russia (since 2003);
Chairman of the Executive Committee of the Interreligious Council of the CIS (since 2004);
a member of the Presidium of the Interreligious Council of the CIS (since 2004);
member of the Council for Cooperation with Religious Associations under the President of the Russian Federation (since 2004);
Chairman of the Commission on Old Believer Parishes and on Interaction with Old Believers (since 2005);
the chairman of the working group for the drafting of a concept paper outlining the position of the Russian Orthodox Church in the field of interreligious relations (since 2005);
Chairman of the working group for the preparation of a document expressing the position of the Russian Orthodox Church on the problems of globalization (since 2005);
member of the Joint Commission on National Politics and Relations of the State and Religious Associations (since 2006);
co-chairman of the World Conference “Religions for Peace” (since 2006);
the head of the working group on the development of the “Fundamentals of the teaching of the Russian Orthodox Church on dignity, freedom and human rights”;
Locum Tenens of the Patriarchal Throne (since December 6, 2008).
His Holiness Patriarch Kirill has the following academic degrees and titles:
since 1986 – honorary member of the St. Petersburg Theological Academy;
since 1987 – honorary doctor of theology at the Theological Academy in Budapest;
since 1992 – a member of the Academy of Creativity;
since 1994 – honorary member of the International Academy of Eurasia;
since 1996 – Honorary Professor of the Military Academy (now University) of the Air Defense of the Land Forces;
since 1997 – full member of the Academy of Russian Literature;
since 2002 – full member of the Academy of Social and Human Sciences (since 2003 – Public Russian Academy of Social Sciences);
since 2002 – honorary doctor of political science of Perugia State University (Italy);
since 2004 – honorary doctor of theology at the Christian Academy of Warsaw (Poland);
since 2004 – Honorary Professor of the Smolensk Humanitarian University;
since 2005 – Honorary Professor of Astrakhan University;
since 2005 – Honorary Doctor of the Russian State Social University;
since 2006 – Honorary Professor of the Baltic Naval Institute named after Admiral Fyodor Ushakov;
since 2007 – honorary president of the Academy of Russian Literature;
since 2007 – Honorary Doctor of St. Petersburg State Polytechnic University;
since 2009 – honorary doctor of theology of the Kiev Theological Academy ;
since 2009 – honorary doctor of theology of the Institute of Theology. sv. Methodius and Cyril of the Belarusian State University;
since 2009 – honorary doctor of theology of the St. Petersburg Theological Academy;
since 2009 – Honorary Member of the Russian Academy of Education;
since 2009 – Honorary Doctor of the Russian Academy of Public Administration under the President of the Russian Federation;
since 2010 – Honorary Doctor of the National Research Nuclear University “MEPhI”;
since 2010 – Honorary Professor of the Military Academy of the Strategic Missile Forces named after Peter the Great;
since 2010 – Honorary Doctor of Petrozavodsk State University;
since 2010 – Honorary Doctor of Yerevan State University;
since 2010 – Honorary Doctor of Odessa National Law Academy;
since 2010 – Honorary Doctor of Dnepropetrovsk National University named after. Oles Honchar;
since 2010 – honorary doctor of theology of the Moscow Theological Academy ;
since 2011 – Honorary Doctor of the Transnistrian State University. T.G. Shevchenko;
since 2011 – Honorary Doctor of Voronezh State University;
since 2011 – Honorary Doctor of Moscow State University. M.V. Lomonosov Moscow State University;
since 2012 – Honorary Doctor of Sofia University of Cultural Heritage;
since 2012 – Honorary Doctor of the Orthodox St. Tikhon Humanitarian University .
As a metropolitan, he was invited to lecture in Rome (1972), at the University of Helsinki, at the Abu Academy in Turku, at the Orthodox Seminary in Kuopio (Finland, 1975), at the Ecumenical Institute in Bosset (Switzerland, 1972, 1973), the University of Münster (Germany, 1988), the University of Udine (Italy, 1988), the State University of Perugia (Italy, 2002), the Christian Academy of Warsaw (Poland, 2004) . He spoke at many Russian and foreign conferences, symposiums and forums.
His Holiness Patriarch Kirill is the author of the following books:
Formation and development of the church hierarchy and the teaching of the Orthodox Church about its fertile nature. – L .: 1971;
Challenges of modern civilization. How the Orthodox Church responds to them. – Moscow: 2002;
The Word of the Shepherd. God and man. History of salvation. – Moscow: 2004;
L’Evangile et la liberte. Les valeurs de la Tradition dans la societe laique. – Paris: 2006;
Freedom and responsibility: in search of harmony. – Moscow: 2008;
Patriarch and youth: a conversation without diplomacy. – M .: 2009;
Holy Rus – together or apart? Patriarch in the Ukraine. – M .: 2009;
The advance detachment of the Church. – Tver: 2009;
The words. Sermons. Performances. – Kiev: 2009;
To be faithful to God. A book of talks with His Holiness Patriarch Kirill. – Minsk: 2009;
The strength of a nation is in the power of the spirit. – Minsk: 2009;
The Church calls for unity. – Minsk: 2010;
Sermons of 2009-2010. – Holy Trinity Sergius Lavra, 2010;
Keep faith in your hearts. – Minsk: 2011;
Sermons of 2010-2011. – Holy Trinity Lavra of St. Sergius, 2012;
The secret of repentance. Lenten sermons (2001-2011). – Moscow: 2012;
The word of the Primate. Collection of works. Series I. T. 1 (2009-2011). – Moscow: 2012;
The word of the shepherd. Collection of works. Series II. T. 1 (1991-2011). – Moscow: 2013;
Overcoming the Troubles. / / Series “The Word of His Holiness the Patriarch”. – Moscow: 2013. – Issue. 1;
The word of the shepherd. Collection of works. Series II. T. 2 (1991-2011). – Moscow: 2014;
Holy Land. / / Series “The Word of His Holiness the Patriarch”. – Moscow: 2014. – Issue. 2,
as well as about 2340 publications, including in domestic and foreign periodicals (data are given as of March 2013).
The series of telecasts with the speeches of His Holiness Patriarch Kirill were published: “The Word of the Shepherd” – Introduction to the Orthodox Faith; “Word-Sacrament-Church” – History of the early Christian Church and the doctrine of the Church; “Jubilee Bishops’ Council” – Fundamentals of the social concept – Charter of the Russian Orthodox Church – Acts on canonization, “Attitude to non-Orthodoxy”; “The Word of the Shepherd” – Church, State, Politics (Part 1), Church, Personality, Society (Part 2), On Faith and Salvation (Part 3), Is there a future for Russia (Part 4).
Dozens of videos on the lives and activities of His Holiness Patriarch Kirill, the election and enthronement of His Holiness, with records of divine services, sermons, meetings and live appearances that were held during visits to the Russian dioceses, to Ukraine, Belarus, Estonia were created and released on disks. and Armenia, as well as the speeches of His Holiness Patriarch Kirill on Russian television. The cycles of the sermons of His Holiness and recordings of a series of meetings with young people are also published on audio carriers.
Interaction with Local Orthodox Churches
His Holiness Patriarch Kirill worked and worked in the field of inter-Orthodox relations. He was the first representative of the Russian Orthodox Church in “Syndesmos” – the World Brotherhood of Orthodox Youth Organizations. From 1971 to 1977 – Member of the Executive Committee of SYNDESMOS; participant VIII (Boston, 1971), IX (Geneva, 1977), X (Finland, 1980) and XIV (Moscow, 1992) of the General Assemblies of this organization; participant of the first Pre-Council All-Orthodox Conference (Chambesy, 1976) and the Inter-Orthodox Commission for the Preparation of the Holy and Great Council of the Eastern Orthodox Church (Chambesi, 1993, 1999); the main speaker at the Orthodox consultation “General understanding and vision of the WCC” (Chambesy, 1995); participant in the Pan-Orthodox Consultation on Ecumenism (Thessaloniki, 1998). ) and the Meeting of the Heads of Local Orthodox Churches for the healing of the Bulgarian church schism (Sofia, 1998); participant in the All-Orthodox celebration of 2000 years of Christianity in Bethlehem on 7.01.2000; participant in the negotiations between the Moscow Patriarchate of Constantinople (Istanbul, 1977, Geneva, 1978, Istanbul 1990, Moscow, 1991, Istanbul, 1993) and regular consultations on current problems between the two Churches; He held talks with the Orthodox Church of Constantinople in Estonia and with the Romanian Orthodox Church on the problem of the Bessarabian Metropolitanate in Moldova (twice in 1997 in Geneva, Chisinau, 1999). 1978, Istanbul 1990, Moscow, 1991, Istanbul, 1993) and regular consultations on current problems between the two Churches; He held talks with the Orthodox Church of Constantinople in Estonia and with the Romanian Orthodox Church on the problem of the Bessarabian Metropolitanate in Moldova (twice in 1997 in Geneva, Chisinau, 1999). 1978, Istanbul 1990, Moscow, 1991, Istanbul, 1993) and regular consultations on current problems between the two Churches; He held talks with the Orthodox Church of Constantinople in Estonia and with the Romanian Orthodox Church on the problem of the Bessarabian Metropolitanate in Moldova (twice in 1997 in Geneva, Chisinau, 1999).
In 2005, as head of the delegation of the Russian Orthodox Church, he took part in the enthronement of the Patriarch of Jerusalem Theophilus III .
As chairman of the DECR, he visited all the Local Orthodox Churches as part of official delegations, including accompanying His Holiness Patriarch Pimen and His Holiness Patriarch Alexy II on their trips abroad.
As the Primate of the Russian Orthodox Church, he officially visited the Local Orthodox Churches: Constantinople (2009), Alexandria (2010), Antioch (2011), Jerusalem (2012), Bulgarian (2012), Cyprus (2012 ), the Polish (2012), the Hellas (2013).
Inter-Christian relations and cooperation
His Holiness Patriarch Kirill took part in the work of inter-Christian organizations. As delegate participated in the IV (Uppsala, Sweden, 1968), V (Nairobi, Kenya, 1975), VI (Vancouver, Canada, 1983) and VII (Canberra, Australia, 1991) General Assemblies of the WCC and as guest of honor at the 9th General Assembly of the WCC (Porto Alegre, Brazil, 2006); in the World Missionary Conference “Salvation Today” (Bangkok, 1973); was President of the World Conference “Faith, Science and the Future” (Boston, 1979) and the World Convocation “Peace, Justice and Integrity of Creation” (Seoul, 1990); participated in the Assemblies of the Faith and Order Commission of the WCC in Accra (Ghana, 1974), Lima (Peru, 1982), Budapest (Hungary, 1989). He was the keynote speaker at the World Missionary Conference in San Salvador, Brazil, in November 1996.
He was a delegate to the XI General Assembly of the Conference of European Churches (Stirling, Scotland, 1986) and the 12th General Assembly of CEC (Prague, 1992), as well as one of the keynote speakers at the European Assembly of CEC “Peace and Justice” (Basel, May 21, 1989).
He was a member of the Second European Assembly of CEC in Graz, Austria (23-29 June 1997) and the Third in Sibiu, Romania (September 5-9, 2007).
He was a participant of four rounds of bilateral interviews between theologians of the Russian Orthodox and Roman Catholic Churches (Leningrad, 1967, Bari, Italy, 1969, Zagorsk, 1972, Trento, Italy, 1975).
Since 1977 – Secretary of the International Technical Commission for the preparation of a dialogue between the Orthodox and Roman Catholic Churches. Since 1980 – a member of the International Theological Commission for the Orthodox-Catholic dialogue. In this capacity he took part in four plenary sessions of this commission: (Patmos-Rhodes, Greece, 1980, Munich, Germany, 1982, Crete, 1984, Valaam, Finland, 1988) and in its Coordination committee.
He was co-chair of the second round of the Orthodox-Reformed dialogue (Debrecen II) in 1976 in Leningrad and a participant in the Evangelical Kirchhantagh in Wittenberg (GDR, 1983) in Dortmund (1991) in Hamburg (1995).
Member of the dialogue with the delegation of the Old Catholic Church in connection with the 100th anniversary of the Rotterdam-Petersburg Commission, Moscow, 1996.
As chairman of the DECR on behalf of the hierarchy of the Russian Orthodox Church, he took part in contacts with the Churches of the USA, Japan, the GDR, Germany, Finland, Italy, Switzerland, Great Britain, Belgium, Holland, France, Spain, Norway, Iceland, Poland, Czech Republic, Slovakia, Ethiopia, Australia, New Zealand, India, Thailand, Sri Lanka, Laos, Jamaica, Canada, Congo, Zaire, Argentina, Chile, Cyprus, China, South Africa, Greece.
As Primate of the Russian Orthodox Church, he held a number of meetings with heads and representatives of non-Orthodox Churches and Christian organizations.
In 2012, the Primate of the Russian Orthodox Church and the Chairman of the Polish Catholic Episcopal Conference signed the Joint Message to the Peoples of Russia and Poland .
Participation in the Sobor of the Russian Orthodox Church
He was a member of the Local Jubilee Council of the Russian Orthodox Church (June 1988, Zagorsk), Chairman of its Editorial Commission and the author of the draft Statute of the Russian Orthodox Church, adopted by the Jubilee Council.
He was a member of the Council of Bishops dedicated to the 400th anniversary of the restoration of the Patriarchate (October 1989) and the Extraordinary Bishops ‘Council on 30-31 January 1990, as well as the Local Council on 6-10 June 1990, the Bishops’ Councils on 25-26 October 1991. ; March 31 – April 4, 1992; June 11, 1992; November 29 – December 2, 1994; 18-23 February 1997; August 13-16, 2000; 3-6 October 2004, 24-29 June 2008
He presided over the Bishops’ Chambers (2009, 2011, 2013) and the Local Councils (2009), and at the other specified Sobor of the Russian Orthodox Church he was Chairman of the Drafting Committee.
As the DECR chairman made reports on the work of the DECR. At the Jubilee Council in 2000, as Chairman of the Synodal Working Group and the Synodal Commission, he introduced the Foundations of the Social Concept of the Russian Orthodox Church and the Charter of the Russian Orthodox Church.
At the Council of Bishops on October 3-6, 2004, he also made a report “On the relationship with the Russian Church Abroad and the Old Believers.”
Management of the Smolensk-Kaliningrad diocese (1984-2009).
During the stay of His Holiness Patriarch Kirill in the Smolensk-Kaliningrad Department, 166 parishes were opened (94 in Smolensk and the region, 72 in Kaliningrad and the region). Restored 52 and re-built 71 Orthodox church.
In 1989 the Smolensk Theological School was opened, which was transformed in 1995 into the Smolensk Theological Seminary.
Since 1998, the Inter-Diocesan Ecclesiastical School has been operating, preparing the regents of church choirs, catechists, icon painters and sisters of mercy. Most parishes of the diocese have Sunday schools. There are Orthodox gymnasiums and kindergartens.
Since 1992, the teaching of the Fundamentals of Orthodox Culture in public schools in the Smolensk and Kaliningrad region.
Work in the office of the DECR chairman (1989-2009).
Represented the Russian Orthodox Church in the commissions for the development of the Law of the USSR “On Freedom of Conscience and Religious Organizations” of October 1, 1990, the RSFSR Law “On Freedom of Religion” of October 25, 1990 and the Federal Law of the Russian Federation “On Freedom of Conscience and Religious Associations “dated September 26, 1997.
As chairman of the DECR, he took part in many international public and peacekeeping initiatives.
He took part in the development of the church position and peacekeeping actions during the events of August 1991 and October 1993.
He was one of the initiators of the creation of the World Russian People’s Council in 1993. He took part and delivered keynote speeches at the Councils (1993-2008). Since the election to the Patriarchal Throne, he has been Chairman of ARNS (since 2009).
As chairman of the Commission of the Holy Synod on the revival of religious and moral education and charity, he initiated the creation of synodal departments for religious education, social service and charity, and interaction with the armed forces and law enforcement agencies. He was the author of the Concept on the Revival of Charity and Religious Education, adopted by the Holy Synod on January 30, 1991.
Developed and submitted for approval of the Holy Synod “The concept of interaction of the Russian Orthodox Church with the armed forces” in 1994.
From 1996 to 2000 – led the development and presented to the Jubilee Bishops’ Council of 2000 “Foundations of the Social Concept of the Russian Orthodox Church”.
He took an active part in the normalization of the church situation in Estonia. In this regard, he visited Antioch and Jerusalem Patriarchates (visits to Lebanon, Syria, Jordan and Israel in 1996), and also participated in negotiations with representatives of the Patriarchate of Constantinople in Zurich (Switzerland) in March and twice in April 1996. , in Thessaloniki, Tallinn and Athens (1996), in Odessa (1997), in Geneva (1998), in Moscow, Geneva and Zurich (2000), in Vienna, Berlin and Zurich (2001) .), in Moscow and Istanbul (2003); He also visited Estonia many times, where he negotiated with government representatives, parliament deputies and business circles of that country.
He took an active part in peacekeeping operations in Yugoslavia. He visited Belgrade several times during the war, negotiated with the leadership of that country, initiated the creation of an informal international Christian peacekeeping group for Yugoslavia (Vienna, May 1999) and the convening of an international inter-Christian conference on “Europe after the Kosovo crisis: further actions of the Churches” in Oslo, Norway, in November 1999.
He was the keynote speaker at the Parliamentary hearings on the “Fundamentals of the Social Concept of the Russian Orthodox Church” (Moscow, 2001), and the themes “Religion and Health” (Moscow, 2003), “Improving Legislation on Freedom of Conscience and on Religious Organizations: practice of application, problems and solutions “(Moscow, 2004).
He initiated a dialogue with European organizations in Brussels and the creation in 2002 of the Representation of the Russian Orthodox Church to European International Organizations .
As chairman of the DECR, he visited Estonia (many times), Switzerland (repeatedly), France (repeatedly), Spain (many times), Italy (many times), Belgium (repeatedly), Holland (repeatedly), Germany (repeatedly), Israel (repeatedly) Finland (many times), Ukraine (repeatedly), Japan (many times), Canada (many times), China (repeatedly), Hungary (many times), Moldova (many times), Norway (repeatedly), Lebanon and Syria (repeatedly), Serbia ), The USA (repeatedly), Turkey (repeatedly), Brazil (repeatedly), Australia (1 991), Austria (many times), Latvia (1992), Chile (1992), Bulgaria (1994, 1998, 2005), the Czech Republic (1996, 2004, 2007), Slovakia (1996) ), Iran (1996), Lithuania (1997), Denmark (1997), Morocco (1997), Argentina (1997, 2006), Mexico (1998), Panama (1998 ), Peru (1998), Cuba (1998, 2004, 2008), Luxembourg (1999), Nepal (2000), Slovenia (2001), Malta (2001), Tunisia (2001), Mongolia (2001 ), Croatia (2001), Vietnam (2001), Kampuchea (2001), Thailand (2001), Ireland (2001), Iraq (2002), Liechtenstein (2002 ), The Philippines (2002), special areas of the PRC – Hong Kong (2001, 2002), Macao (2002), South Africa (2003, 2008), Malaysia (2003), Indonesia (2003 ), Singapore (2003), the United Arab Emirates (2004), Poland (2004), the Netherlands (2004), the Dominican Republic (2004), Yemen (2005), the DPRK (2006) , India (2006), Romania (2007), Turkmenistan (2008), Costa Rica (2008), Venezuela (2008), Colombia (2008), kvador (2008), Angola (2008), Namibia (2008). Hungary, Mongolia, Slovenia, Iran,
Patriarchal service. Management of the Russian Orthodox Church
In 2009, the reform of the central bodies of church administration was undertaken. The activities of the Moscow Patriarchate Department have been fundamentally reorganized , the scope of activities of the Department for External Church Relations has been refined, new synodal departments have been created, the functions of the Publishing Council of the Russian Orthodox Church and the Publishing House of the Moscow Patriarchate have been dissolved , analytical work has been carried out to formulate the necessary changes in the structure of the Educational Committee of the Holy Synod and in general in the system of spiritual education. The activity of the All-Church Court has been intensified .
In 2010, the charter of the Synodal Department for Church Charity and Social Service was updated, the powers and structures of the Moscow Patriarchate Affairs Administration and the Synodal Committee for Monasteries Affairs were clarified , the Secretariat for Foreign Institutions was transformed into the Moscow Patriarchate Office . The activity of the Metropolitan District in the Republic of Kazakhstan has been activated : its Charter and Internal Regulations have been adopted, and new dioceses have been established in this country.
In 2011, the Central Asian Metropolitan District was formed . A number of documents have been adopted on social, missionary work, religious education and catechetical service in the Russian Orthodox Church. The meeting of the heads of synodal institutions was transformed into the Supreme Church Council with the subordination of this body to the Patriarch and the Holy Synod. To coordinate the activities of dioceses in one constituent entity of the Russian Federation, metropolies are formed. Vicariate departments have been established in the Moscow diocese .
In 2012-2013 years. the formation of the metropolis continues, the number of bishops and dioceses increases. The implementation of the instructions of the Bishops’ Councils of 2011 and 2013 is being monitored. On the basis of the adopted documents on social, missionary, youth work, religious, educational and catechetical service, the Russian Orthodox Church developed a detailed database of documents, as well as some provisions regulating the special training of ministers in these areas. Transformation is spreading from the central apparatus of the Church to the level of the dioceses. The subject “Fundamentals of Orthodox Culture” is included in the program of secondary schools in all regions of Russia.
During the Patriarchal Ministry,
– Inter-Council Presence of the Russian Orthodox Church (2009)
– Bodies of church executive authority:
The Supreme Church Council of the Russian Orthodox Church (2011)
Synodal Department for Church-Society Relations (2009)
The Synodal Information Department (2009)
Financial and Economic Department (2009)
Synodal Committee for Interaction with the Cossacks (2010)
The Synodal Department for Prison Service (2010)
Patriarchal Council on Culture (2010)
The Synodal Department for Monasteries and Monasticism (2012), was transformed from the Synodal Committee for the Affairs of Monasteries (2010)
– Church-wide collegiate bodies:
The Patriarchal Commission for Family and Maternity Protection (2012), formerly the Patriarchal Council for the Family and Maternity Protection (2011)
– Church-wide post-graduate and doctoral studies named after St. Cyril and Methodius Equal-to-the-Apostles (2009)
– Interagency coordination group for teaching theology in universities (2012)
– The Church and Public Council under the Patriarch of Moscow and All Russia on the perpetuation of the memory of the New Martyrs and Confessors of the Russian Church (2013), the former name – the Church and Public Council for the Immortalization of the Memory of the New Martyrs and Confessors of Russia (2012)
Being the Primate of the Russian Orthodox Church, in 2009-2013. visited the following countries: Azerbaijan (2009, 2010), Armenia (2010, 2011), Belarus (2009, 2012, 2013), Bulgaria (2012), Greece (2013) (2010), Egypt (2010), Israel (2012), Jordan (2012), Kazakhstan (2010, 2012), Cyprus (2012), China (2013), Lebanon (2011), Moldova (2011, 2013), the Palestinian Autonomy (2012), Poland (2012), Syria (2011), Serbia (2013), Turkey (2009) .), Ukraine (2009, 2010 – 3 times, 2011 – 5 times, 2012, 2013), Montenegro (2013), Estonia (2013), Japan (2012 .).
By February 2014, His Holiness Patriarch Kirill made 124 trips to 67 dioceses, 156 trips to 26 stauropegic monasteries, in 21 of them repeatedly. He visited seven suburbs of stauropegic monasteries. He made 432 trips to 105 churches in Moscow (as of January 31, 2014).
During the five years of the Patriarchal Ministry, 1137 services were performed (data as of January 31, 2014).
During the ministry of His Holiness Patriarch Kirill,
46 Metropolitan of the Russian Orthodox Church;
113 dioceses, including in Russia – 95 dioceses *;
Central Asian Metropolitan District (2011);
vicariate in the Moscow diocese (2011).
The number of dioceses of the Russian Orthodox Church has increased from 159 at the beginning of 2009 to 273 at the beginning of 2014 (in Russia – from 69 to 164).
At the beginning of 2009, the Russian Orthodox Church had 200 bishops, at the beginning of 2014 – 312 *.
His Holiness Patriarch Kirill led 109 bishop’s consecrations, including: in 2009 – 5; in 2010 – 9; in 2011 – 31; in 2012 – 41; in 2013 – 22; in 2014 – 1 *.
Also in the five years of the Patriarchal Ministry he performed 144 ordinations to the deacon and presbyter (18 to the deacon and 126 to the presbyter). *
* – data as of February 1, 2014.
Awards of the Russian Orthodox Church
1973 – Order of the Holy Equal-to-the-Apostles Grand Duke Vladimir (II degree)
1986 – Order of the Monk Sergius of Radonezh (2nd degree)
1996 – Order of the Holy Prince Daniel of Moscow (I degree)
2001 – Order of St. Innocent, Metropolitan of Moscow and Kolomna (II degree)
2004 – Order of the Monk Sergei of Radonezh (1st degree)
2006 – Order of St. Alexis, Metropolitan of Moscow and All Russia (II degree)
Order of the Self-governing and Autonomous Churches of the Russian Orthodox Church
2006 – Order of the Monks Anthony and Theodosius of the Caves (I degree) (Ukrainian Orthodox Church)
2006 – Order “Blessed Governor Stephen the Great and Saint” (II degree) (Orthodox Church of Moldova)
2009 – Order of the Holy Martyr Isidor Yuryevsky (I degree) (Estonian Orthodox Church of the Moscow Patriarchate)
2009 – Order in honor of the 450th anniversary of bringing to Volynsk the Pochaev Icon of the Mother of God (Ukrainian Orthodox Church)
2011 – Order of St. Theodosius of Chernigov (Ukrainian Orthodox Church)
Awards of Local Orthodox Churches
2007 – Order of the Monk Savva the Sanctified (2nd degree) (Alexandrian Orthodox Church)
2009 – Gold Medal of St. Innocent (Orthodox Church in America)
2010 – Commemorative Medal of the St. Vladimir Theological Seminary (Orthodox Church in America)
2010 – Grand Cross of the Order of the Holy Apostle and Evangelist Mark (Alexandrian Orthodox Church)
2011 – Order of the Holy Apostles Peter and Paul (I degree) (Antiochian Orthodox Church)
2012 – Order of the Holy Tsar Boris (Bulgarian Orthodox Church)
2012 – The Golden Order of the Apostle Barnabas (Cyprus Orthodox Church)
2012 – Order of St. Mary Magdalene (I degree) (Polish Orthodox Church)
2012 – Order of the Life-giving Sepulcher of the Lord “The Great Cross of the Holy Brotherhood” (Jerusalem Orthodox Church)
Awards of other religious organizations and Christian denominations
2006 – Order of St. Gregory of Parumalski (Malankar Church, India)
2010 – Order of St. Gregory the Illuminator (Armenian Apostolic Church)
2011 – Order “Sheikh-ul-Islam” (Office of Muslims of the Caucasus)
2012 – Order for services to the First-degree Ummah (Coordination Center for Muslims of the North Caucasus)
State awards of the Russian Federation
1988 – the Order of Friendship of Peoples
1995 – Order of Friendship
1996 – Anniversary Medal “300 Years to the Russian Fleet”
1997 – Medal “In memory of the 850th anniversary of Moscow”
2001 – Order “For Services to the Fatherland” (III degree)
2006 – Order “For Services to the Fatherland” (II degree)
2011 – Order of Alexander Nevsky
State awards of foreign countries
2009 – The Order of Friendship of Peoples (Republic of Belarus)
2010 – Medal “65 Years of Victory in the Great Patriotic War of 1941-1945” (Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika)
2010 – Order “Sharaf” (the Republic of Azerbaijan)
2011 – Order of the Republic (“OrdinulRepublicii”) (Republic of Moldova)
2011 – Order of Saint Mesrop Mashtots (Republic of Armenia)
2012 – The Order of the Star of Bethlehem (the Palestinian National Authority)
His Holiness Patriarch Kirill was also awarded a number of other federal, departmental and regional state awards; has more than 120 awards of Russian and foreign public organizations; is an honorary citizen of the cities of Smolensk, Kaliningrad, Neman (Kaliningrad region), Murom (Vladimir region), Smolensk, Kaliningrad, Kemerovo regions, the Republic of Mordovia and other regions and settlements of the Russian Federation.