Other major cities: Karachi, located in the southeastern part of the country on the Arabian Sea, is the largest city, with a population of 13 million. The second-largest city is Lahore, with a population of 7 million.
Religions: 95% Muslim; 1.5% Christians, 1.5% Hindus, and 2% others
Languages: The official languages are Urdu and English. English is spoken predominantly by the upper classes. There are many regional and provincial languages; the most common is Punjabi, which is spoken by nearly 50% of the population.
Literacy: About 50% of the population is literate. Among males the literacy rate is 63% and among females 36%.
The modern state of Pakistan was created in 1947, when British India was divided into the predominantly Muslim country of Pakistan and the mostly Hindu country of India.
Orthodox Churches in Pakistan include;